Friday, March 7, 2008

Kinh nghiem di mua xe

Nen kiem tra va chay thu vao ban ngay vi de nhan biet cac thu hon.

1. Kiem tra gia truoc khi di mua xem co dung k?

Vao kbb.com roi vao used cars, vao zip code roi vao cac thong so cu axe. No se co may loai gia nhung minh can quan tam nhat den 2 loai (va phai vao 2 lan de kiem tra). Cai private party value (cai nay la gia thi truong khi nguoi mua va ban truc tiep gap nhau). Va cai trade-in value (la gia ma seller ban cho dealer), gia nay thuong thap hon gia Private party khoang 1000-2000. Can select cai fair/good hay poor condition de biet gia. Thuong thi gia fair la gia dc dung de dinh lam ceiling price -va minh se negotiate theo gia nay.

Can luu y them nua la khi minh vao so miles, ben canh day se co so miles trung binh cac xe tuong tu da di. Neu xe cua minh dinh mua nhieu miles hon cung co the negotiate (tat nhien la nhieu hon dang ke, khoang 3000-5000 miles thi de doi giam gia hon)

2. Cosmetics

Kiem tra vong quanh xem xe co bi xuoc, mop hay dau hieu bi va cham hay k. No may xe roi mo nap capo xem engine co sach k. Kiem tra xem lop co mon k, co bi nut k. De biet co mon k thi xem cai ranh tren lop nong hay sau. Khoang 1/ 2 -1/3 quarter la OK. Hoac xem co con nhieu talon va mau lop co den k. Neu lop co mau nau dat hay den nho nho thi cung la loai cu roi. Mua 1 doi lop thuong mat khoang 100-150. Kiem tra ben trong xe xem co sach k.

3. Cac chuc nang thuong dung

Kiem tra : cac loai den, windshield wiper (cai gat nuoc), coi, mirror. Neu auto windows thi cung phai thu xem co len xuong k. Mo dong cua co tot k, cua co bi se k. Xe cu dac biet luu y kiem tra seatbelt. Test bang cach cai day vao roi gap nguoi manh ra phia truoc that nhanh xem no co giat lai k, hoac cam tay giat ra. Neu seat belt giat lai la con function. Kiem tra di chuyen cua ghe lai xe. Mo trunk kiem tra xem co spare tire (lop du phong) k

4. Test run

Truoc khi di phai kiem tra phanh xem co tot k, co keu k, co an k. Lai xe len highway. Nen chon duong I-74 East vi tu cho Lincoln ra con 1 doan tuong doi xa moi co exit quay ve (hinh nhu khoang gan 10miles). Phai gi ga that nhanh xem xe co luot nhu minh muon k (khi da chay tren hwy dc 1 doan). Neu cu cham cham la teo. Di len toc do khoang gan 80mph (neu di hon thi an ticket) xem xe co shake k. Cho chay cruise control xem co OK k.

Can luu y khi xe sang so co smooth k. Neu xem cu giat nhu kieu so tay la k ngon. Khi xe chay tren hwy cung nen de y dong ho nhiet do xem co thay doi k?

5. Gia ca

Cai nay thi cung tuy nguoi ban voi ca tuy xe. Neu minh thay k thich thi dung co mua. Gia ma thap hon KBB khoang 100-200 la mua dc. Can cu theo cac dieu kien minh kiem tra ma doi giam gia. Cu mac ca dan dan thoi. Khong viec gi phai ngai.

6. Kiem tra lan cuoi truoc khi mua xe

Can mang ra cho Diamond automotive de kiem tra (buyer inspection). Sau khi da OK tat ca cac thu khac va minh quyet dinh mua xe, bao voi nguoi ban la can phai dua ra mechanics check lan cuoi. Lan kiem tra nay thi minh se tra tien (khoang $45 gi day.) The cho nen khi quyet dinh mua hang dem kiem tra.

Khi mechanics kiem xe thi minh cung nen ra hoi han xem sao. Dac biet luu y den: brakes, transmission, radiator (bo tan nhiet), oil leak (o gam xe). Cu hoi mechanics xem may thu day OK k.

Hoi mechanics xem cac banh thuong gap o xe nay la gi. Xem cac thu sau khi nao can phai thay: timing belt (hehe, thay qua nay cung mat 400-800 nhu choi), water pump.

Sau khi kiem tra xong thi nguoi ta se cho minh quote de fix problems. Hoi mechanics va tu quyet dinh xem cai nao can immediate attention, cai nao k. Can cu vao day de mac ca gia cuoi cung va quyet dinh co mua k. Noi chung neu thay van de gi serious thi goi ngay thang ban ra noi luon. Neu nguoi ban co ve muon ban thi minh cu tu tu thoi, bao de xem cai da, vi neu mua ma phai sua tung ay thu thi nhieu tien qua.

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